Due to the presence of high moisture content in most soils, water lines under the ground tend to wear faster as compared to those above ground. It is also harder to detect an underground leak physically because most of the times, these lines are buried deep and the sign of leakage cannot be physically seen.These leaks can pose health risks to the people that depend on the water. Contamination from the surrounding environment or other leaks from sewage, for instance, could contaminate the water in the pipes. This could lead to the spread of fatal diseases such as cholera.
Cholera can kill an adult human within 48 hours if not treated. Underground water leaks may also lead to higher water bills because a significant amount of water is lost to the soil. This can lead to loss of money because you will be spending much of it paying the high water bills without realizing that the water is being wasted.
How leak detection is done
Leak detection specialists have two methods they use to determine if there is a leak. The first method involves looking out for the physical signs of a leakage that are visible from ground level. The physical signs may be things such as greener grass in a particular area or visible wet spots in the ground. These two are the main physical signs that a water line may have a leak.
The next method that leak detection specialist utilize is the use of specialized equipment. The following are some of the techniques and equipment that can be used:
• Detection by use of radar
• Checking the pressure in some of the sub utility lines
• Checking the structural integrity of the lines
• Inserting video cameras to identify a leak visually
• Pumping gasses such as hydrogen and tracking the movement using specialized equipment
Sometimes the leaking pipes may not have any physical signs. The above-listed techniques are useful in pinpointing the exact location after physical manifestations have been observed. After the position has been pinpointed, the locator can then begin the excavation process to inspect the problem and recommend a suitable solution.
What are the advantages of detecting and repairing leaks?
1. Helps to save money
If you detect leaks, you will be able to save money that could have been lost in paying high water bills for water you are not using. If the leaks are left for a long time without being attended to, they may corrupt the structural integrity of structures near them. The property owner might then be forced to spend a lot of money in rebuilding or repairing the damaged areas.
The availability of moisture from leaks may encourage the growth of mold in a room. If the mold expands extensively, it may be quite costly for you to take care of the problem and repair the drywall. If the water leakage is extensive, it may lead to flooding in a room.
Flooding may destroy furniture or other things in the room as well as compromise the structural integrity of the place. Replacing the damaged property and rebuilding the destroyed room can cost the property owners thousands of dollars in material and labor.
2. Reduces health risks
Wet areas that are created by leaks may lead to the stagnation of water. Stagnant water is a breeding ground for many health hazards. Mosquitoes, for instance, prefer to breed and hide in stagnant water. The mosquitoes then attack at night, some of which may carry malaria.
Stagnant water might also contain germs and bacteria. If the germs and bacteria get to the main water lines, they could lead to stomach infections. If the leaks are inside a room, the presence of moisture from the leaks encourages the growth of mold. Mold is quite dangerous for our health and often leads to respiratory problems.
If the mold affects a large area, the mold inspectors may declare your home inhabitable. This will force you to look for an alternative residence to temporarily move to as the mold specialist work on your home. This will require you to foot high hotel and motel bills.